To date, censure has passed only once. It disappeared again between and when the socialist governments, whose support did not reach a majority in the parliament, no longer could resort to the vote of confidence except on a single specific occasion: The gouvernements have always spoken of authorization or of the agreement of the Cabinet. The motion was passed easily, the Gaullist party UNR being the only major group not to vote it. As for the reluctant coalition partner, it may vote to support the motion while expressing reservations and criticisms. The vote’s application and action by the parliament, in this regard, is an essential characteristic of any parliamentary system.

Parliamentary regimes customarily induct the prime minister or the government by the parliament or by the lower chamber of the parliament. Chevallier, Carcassonne, Duhamel , p Apart from the prime minister’s nomination, the motion of confidence allows the government to deliver a new declaration on matters and events that may imposed themselves or on which the government wishes to give importance. The announcement of the referendum, which was preceded by few rumors in the summer, caused considerable excitement. Those derive politically, if not legally, from the Assembly rather than from the President and must have its support; the regime thus functions in a more clearly parliamentary fashion. As stated in article 50, a negative vote with a simple majority, in contrast to the two following paragraphs, which protect the executive to a greater extent leads to a resignation of the government. This parliamentary ritual gives the motion some formality, which will be widely commented on by the media.

The motion was passed easily, the Gaullist party UNR being the only major group not to vote it. In any case, this deliberation does not give the president, especially in a period of “cohabitation”, the power to prevent the commitment of his responsibility, except in the improbable case of a refusal to enter the question on the agenda of the Cabinet.

Constitution de Côte d’Ivoire du 8 novembre – Wikisource

The speech is a mark of courtesy and deference to parliament. Without it, the French constitution would clearly define gouvermementale presidential system, albeit with strong powers endowed to the executive branch by the constitution.

The Constitutional Council validated the commitment of the responsibility of the government in section 3 by the phrasing “to the extent that the Cabinet had deliberated [ In addition, it may be used on several successive readings of the same text.


The interruption of this practice persisted after the parliamentary dissolution of May even when the governments had found a crushing and disciplined majority stabi,ité the parliament, showing that the practice is considered as optional some commitments of responsibility did occur, but not immediately after the nomination of the governments. Various solutions have been implemented to ensure the ability of the government to pass laws.

Those derive politically, if not legally, from the Assembly rather than from the President and must have its support; the regime thus functions in a more clearly parliamentary fashion.

It is usual in French law for the simple present indicative to connote a requirement and not a simple option: This article was originally translated from the Stqbilité Wikipedia article, fr: Lastly, there is the distinction between a “program” and a “declaration of general policy”.

dissertation mode de scrutin et stabilité gouvernementale

The clause 3 allows the government to impose the adoption of a text by the assembly, immediately and without a vote, that the assembly cannot oppose without toppling the government through a motion of no confidence clause 2.

In that post lie the core of things and the great part of the changes made. This situation disappeared after the legislative elections of President Georges Pompidou had given his agreement to this commitment, noting that it was the prime minister’s prerogative. That election, consequence of censorship of 5 October, put in place the polarization of political life in France. Pompidou challenged the opposition to censure his government. On the other hand, the Fifth Republic has been characterized by the appearance of stable political parties and reliable electoral coalitions able to effectively support the government.

Article 49 of the French Constitution – Wikipedia

During his press conference on 31 JanuaryGeneral de Gaulle returned to the topic of the functioning sscrutin the institutions. Views Read Edit View history.

dissertation mode de scrutin et stabilité gouvernementale

Prime Minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas requested and received the confidence of the assembly on 24 Maywhile clearly reaffirming that the government disserattion its legitimacy from the president of the republic, who may at any time put an end to its functions.

The Constitutional Council remarked incidentally that article 49 “tends to confer an analogous meaning” [13] to the two terms. Most parliamentarians believe that the procedure is unconstitutional.


Constitution de Côte d’Ivoire du 8 novembre 2016

On the other hand, under the Fifth Republic, it no longer possible, as under the previous Republic or regimes, to attach motions of confidence to votes of law to force the assembly to vote on the combined motion and the law. It allows the new prime minister to put forward his positions and pledge the soundness of his government.

If the former can ds understood as a catalogue of the principal arrangements that the government hopes to make, probably as soon as it is established, in the logic of the investiture, and the latter as an explanation of its reasoning and of its intentions in a precise domain which would take—or to which the government would want to give—a particular importance, the distinction has no practical consequence.

According to a report by the National Assembly, dissertattion section 3 may be implemented both during a regular session or a special dissertaion.

The motion was clearly directed against the President of the Republic. But in his first speech of general policy, he said houvernementale this topic that “the text does not say explicitly that he must do it, but the spirit of the Constitution is clear. The refusal to make commitments is seen as an admission of the majority’s weakness. However, it is difficult to ascribe actual stability of stabiliét governments gouvernementwle these technical measures.

The simple language and the grammar [ Its meaning is sometimes imprecise, and therefore its interpretation is disputed, particularly concerning the obligatory or optional character of this commitment. In this regard, these reluctant MPs will become more bound by their vote since the text of the motion focuses on specific points, rather than on their general support of the government’s policy, however, this does not prevent them from rejecting certain laws.

dissertation mode de scrutin et stabilité gouvernementale

In the summer ofthe crisis ended, and many of the deputies wished to revert to a more parliamentarian regime.