JOEL FEINBERG PSYCHOLOGICAL EGOISM ESSAY

History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues. Wallsten 6 Moving to the second principle of psychological egoism, Feinberg again begins by attacking the apparent logical fallacy employed, but then moves on to a more substantial attack on the underlying context of the claim being made. Click here to sign up. It is not certifiable that if we cannot easily know something — or easily measure, or find a way to measure that, something — we cannot know anything about it, as I feel he claims; after all, we cannot easily determine the nature of particles at a quantum level, yet we may still make claims about their behaviors at the level of individual particles and as groups of particles. Fourth, psychological egoism states that moral education must be teachable. According to this theory of the psychological nature of human motives, we are incapable of acting in a manner that does not inherently promote our interests and produce in us a sense of pleasure. Remember me on this computer.

It’s hard to follow these arguments. I explain that the theory is rooted in the ability of humans to be introspective about their motives, and then to extrapolate to other human beings. One objection raised by Sidgwick, Broad, Feinberg against psychological hedonism is that the view that we essentially are pleasure hunters cannot account for the pleasure we take in hunting. On that basis, I support psychological egoism and all of its conclusions. Only by letting go of the desire to enjoy winning a game is she able to enjoy the pleasure of winning a game It may be true that happiness is all that is valuable in many of these cases, but this does not entail that the ends of our desires is always happiness, though it may often be a by-product. Fourth, psychological egoism states that moral education must be teachable. Remember me on this computer.

We are left then to further promote the idea that our actions must be justifiable to the whole community, and therefore must be appropriately and positively termed. As shown earlier, we are not always rational actors, and even when we are we cannot know all possible outcomes; therefore, psycohlogical psychological egoist would claim the theory cannot be faulted when bad planning or erroneous decision-making leads to unexpectedly neutral or displeasing outcomes.

joel feinberg psychological egoism essay

Beyond the obvious fact that we may not consciously know our motives for action at all times, it is plain to see that we are still acting self- interestedly. But, we can do this, and thus a counter-argument is born.

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joel feinberg psychological egoism essay

The fourth argument for psychological egoism [pleasure, pain, and moral education] leads to paradox: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues. Psychology is rife with situations wherein it is very difficult to measure some aspect of human nature, yet this does not give rise to an automatic discrediting of the entire theory that would seek to explain them. Skip to main content. Wallsten 4 probably be indispensable when it comes to moral education. Enter the email address ceinberg signed up with and we’ll email you a essy link.

If a person asserts or believes a general statement in such a way that he cannot conceive of any possible experience which he would count as evidence against it, then he cannot be said to be asserting or believing an empirical hypothesis.

We are concerned with how others perceive us, and therefore, we act in a way that brings others pleasure so that we may gain psycholgical by virtue of having acted in such a way that brings positive attention from those we gain pleasure from pleasing. I think the paradox esasy a successful refutation of psychological egoistic hedonism, and I hope my analogies illuminate how the paradox is cashed out in everyday examples.

It is true that there is very little science supporting psychological egoism, yet this is not so much a product of falsifiable or outright wrong ideas, but a description of the difficulty of measuring empirically what it means to be human and to seek out our own ways. Wallsten 11 Works Cited Feinberg, Joel. In direct conjunction with psychological egoism — what we might want to declare, should we so desire it, is the analogue to this scientific theory — is ethical egoism which is focused on how we should act in order to gain pleasure.

It is true that there is very little science supporting psychological egoism, yet this is not so much a product of falsifiable or outright wrong ideas, but a description of the difficulty of measuring psycholpgical what it means to be human and to seek out our own ways. The essay was originally composed by Professor Feinberg for his students inand appeared regularly in his Reason and Responsibility of which there were many editions published by Wadsworth.

Supplement on Feinberg’s “Psychological Egoism”

Feinberg contends that the logical statements can never entail contingent ones though he may unhelpfully mix up distinctions of logic and of meaning psyvhological. Remember me on this computer. Wallsten 3 Fulfillment psychoological desire is no guarantee of satisfaction, and he makes the claim that, by this second principle proof of psychological egoism, what we ever really want is pleasure, and everything is but a means to that end According to this theory of the psychological nature of human motives, we are incapable of acting in a manner that does not inherently promote our interests and produce in us a sense of pleasure.

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Wallsten 6 Moving to the second principle of psychological egoism, Feinberg again begins by attacking the apparent logical fallacy employed, but then moves on to feinbergg more substantial attack on the underlying context of the claim being made. Psychology is rife with situations wherein it is very difficult to measure some aspect of human nature, yet this does not give rise to an automatic discrediting of the entire theory that would seek to explain them.

Psychopogical you achieve happiness by only acting out of a desire for happiness?

Wallsten 2 ever responsible for directing your own actions. Help Center Find new research papers in: Cited here form reprint in Reason and Responsibility seventh editioned.

Specifically, he argues that if we get what we want and that leads to pleasure, then that leads to the notion that all we really ever want is pleasure, and we are incapable of any egoiism motives. Psychological egoism generalizes from the individual case to all cases wherein no person can be excepted from this rule. It should be noted that this theory is not concerned with the well-being, or pleasure generation, of groups of individuals, and is therefore only roughly similar to utilitarianism, if at all.

Wallsten 11 Works Cited Feinberg, Joel.

Psychological Egoism

Synthetic statements —their truth or falsity is derived not from meaning but, rather, from facts. Wallsten 6 Moving to the second principle of psychological esssy, Feinberg again begins by attacking the apparent logical fallacy employed, but then moves on to a more substantial attack on the underlying context of the claim being made.

This would require knowing all possible actions and all possible outcomes in order to guarantee rational decision-making.